Broken Dealer Audits: Accounting Deficiencies Uncovered by the PCAOB
The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB), the United States audit industry regulator, is supervised by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Last year, the PCAOB established an interim program to inspect the audits of broker-dealers.
On August 18, 2012 the PCAOB released its first interim inspection report via a press release with its findings. The report was on the first anniversary of the SEC’s approval of temporary rules under the Dodd-Frank Reform Act which made the auditors of broker-dealer firms subject to inspection.
Summary of the PCAOB Interim Inspection Report on broker-dealer audits
The report documented serious auditing deficiencies in all 23 audits they reviewed. The PCAOB found that in the small sample of audits they reviewed the firms fell short of their obligations in many areas, including:
- Audit procedures related to the computations of customer reserve and net capital requirements
- Audits of financial statements
- Auditor independence
In 13 of the 23 audits, inspectors found that firms “did not perform sufficient procedures to identify, assess, and respond to the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements due to fraud.”
In ten of the 23 audits, inspectors found that firms “did not perform sufficient procedures to identify the existence of related parties and material related party transactions, or in instances where evidence of related parties existed, did not perform sufficient procedures regarding material related party transactions.”
In 15 of the 23 audits, the firms “did not perform sufficient procedures to test the occurrence, accuracy, and completeness of revenue.”
Procedures in the aftermath of the PCAOB Interim Inspection Report
As attorneys we represent public and private companies and their directors and officers in regard to compliance with SEC practice and regulation. The PCAOB report should be a wakeup call for all in the industry. There must be every effort to insure auditor independence. Auditors will need to demonstrate they perform sufficient procedures so that the SEC does not impose additional procedures to insure the audits are effective and independent.